The weary weight of this unintelligible world can, for a while , be lightened and the waking soul can hear the music of the spheres. It is an island retreat gently rocked by the wind and the wave from the Arabian Sea. It offers you undisturbed peace and an unusual holiday. Diu is a beautiful place with it's splendid and to serve tourist with all of the best services. It has a very great heritage and a rich culture, formed by the mixture of local Gujarati culture and the foreign Portuguese culture. The all over 6 beaches make the trip best to offer all from water sports to bath or sunbath.
The Island of Diu has chaptered History, having been under the possession of and ruled by many Kings and Dynasties; beginning with the Pauranic period and the last being Portuguese from whom it was liberated along with Goa and Daman on 19th December, 1961. The word 'ISLAND'. Pandavas during their fourteen years of exile are believed to have passed a few days at a place known as Mani Nagar (DIU) which was under the Yadavas led by Krishna Vasudeva during Mahabharata period.
According to mythology, Diu was ruled by the great king Jallandhar who was a daitya (Demon) and was killed by Lord Vishnu with his Sudarshan Chakra (disc). The temple of Jallandhar still exists in Diu. Gazetteer of Goa, Daman and Diu says that Diu was known as Jallandhar Ksshetra during Satyug and is famouos for its Jallandhar temple. As daitya (Demon) Jallandhar harassed the Gods, Lord Vishnu left Sudarshan Chakra after killing Jallandhar is known as Chakra tirtha which is situated in Diu.
The Gazetteer further states that Diu was ruled by the Mauryans during 322-320 BC and was the main trade center on the Saurashtra Coast. The State of Saurashtra including Diu was ruled by the Kshatrapas from the 1st century AD to 415 AD, by the Guptas from 415 AD to 467 AD, by the Maitrakas from 470 AD to 788 AD, by Chavda dynasty of Gujarat and Saurashtra from 789 AD to 941 Ad who kept their capital at Diu; by the Chalukyas who succeeded to the power in AD 941 and the Chavdas ruled over the Somnath Patan and Diu under the Chalukya as Local Chieftains.
In AD 1020 Sultan Mahmud Ghazni, his native place to Diu and rocked them. On the return of Mahmud to Ghazni, his native place Chavadas of Diu seem to have increased their power but in AD 1064 the Chalukyas came back again in power and Diu was successively under the sway of Chavda and Vaghela Rajputs, who built a fort here. They were dislodged by Allauddin Khilji, Sultan of Delhi in AD 1297. A Vaja Raja Brahmadas tried to capture it but the attack was repulsed and the Raja had to take shelter in Diu. Muzaffar Khan, the then Governor of Gujarat and it was attacked several times by the Portuguese because of its strategic importance right from 1518 to 1535. When the Moghul emperor Humayun attacked the Shah, the latter entered into a treaty on 05/10/1535 with the Portuguese. Governor Nuno De Cunha constructed a fort in Diu and raised his arsenal. Diu was finally seized by the Governor Joao de Castro on 10th November, 1546. Simbor, a village of Diu about 42kms away, was conquered in 1722.
Goa, Daman and Diu were the Portuguese possessions in India which 19th December, 1961 during Operation Vijay and in the following year i.e. 1962 they were constituted into a separate Union Territory administered by a Lieut. Governor and a popular Ministry. After Goa became a State, a Union Territory was formed on 30th May, 1987 consisting of two separate District of Daman and Diu.
Diu a former Portuguese enclave, and now a Union Territory, is steeped in history. It was a seaport and naval base of considerable strategic importance from the 14th to 16th Centuries. It was also a vital trade link with the rest of India for traders overseas. Diu was under the sway of Chanda and Vaghela dynasties till the 14th Century. The Muslim rulers ruled over the island town till 1380 AD. Then came the mighty wave of invasion of the foreign rule that lasted well nigh upto 450 years.